Father: Pope Alexander VI. Lucrezia Borgia (q.v. Lucrezia—not her husband—was appointed governor of Spoleto in 1499; Alfonso fled Rome shortly afterwards but returned at Lucrezia's request, only to be murdered in 1500. 5 Apr 1508, d. 3 Oct 1559-2. Lucrezia and Alfonso’s court was held in high esteem and they would go on to have eight children – though only four of them would survive to adulthood. Lucrezia herself died a few days after a difficult pregnancy, on 24 June 1519. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. While a cardinal, he took as his mistress Vannozza de Catanei who bore him four children, including Cesare (born 1475) and Lucrezia (born 1480). According to Mandell Creighton in his History of the Papacy "Lucrezia ... was personally popular through her beauty and her affability. Three marriages, which were politically advantageous for the Borgias, were arranged for her. Updates? Ferdinand I (2 June 1423 – 25 January 1494), also called Ferrante, was the King of Naples from 1458 to 1494. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). [3] During her early life, Lucrezia Borgia's education was entrusted to Adriana Orsini de Milan, a close confidant of her father. That couldn’t be further from the truth. Her family arranged several marriages for her that advanced their own political position including Giovanni Sforza, Lord of Pesaro and Gradara, Count of Catignola; Alfonso of Aragon, Duke of Bisceglie and Prince of Salerno; and Alfonso I d'Este, Duke of Ferrara. While recovering, he was strangled by one of Cesare’s servants. She would also become proficient in the lute, poetry, and oration. Lucrezia Borgia (q.v. Lucrezia had become very weak during the pregnancy and fell seriously ill after the birth. Lucrezia was the third child born to Alexander and his mistress, the thrice-married Vannozza (Giovanna) dei Cattanei. A notorious reputation precedes her, and she is inextricably, and perhaps unfairly, linked to … As cardinal and pope, Rodrigo fathered a number of children by his mistress Vannozza Catanei. Lucrezia and Alfonso had one child, Rodrigo of Aragon, who was born in 1499 and predeceased his mother in August 1512 at the age of 12. History may have pigeonholed her as Renaissance Italy’s most notorious seductress, but it’s high time we give the Duchess of Ferrara a closer look. [3], They were married in 1498, making Lucrezia the Duchess consort of Bisceglie and Princess consort of Salerno. Lucrezia Borgia, Duchess of Ferrara, was the daughter of Alexander VI, the future pope and she had married thrice into famous families that helped her own family to have a flourishing political career. Vannozza bore four children during her relationship with Cardinal Borgia. Vannozza bore four children during her relationship with Cardinal Borgia. Giovanni went to stay with Lucrezia in Ferrara after Alexander's death, where he was accepted as her half-brother. She reigned as the Governor of Spoleto, a position usually held by cardinals, in her own right. Giovanni Borgia (1) b. CHILDHOOD AND EDUCATION. It is rumoured that Lucrezia was in possession of a hollow ring that she used frequently to poison drinks. Fathering children was not an odd occurrence for popes in Rome. Princess Poker Face. We’ll even let you know about secret offers and sales when you sign up to our emails. Lucrezia Borgia (1480-1519) was the only daughter of Pope Alexander Vl. In July 1500 he was wounded by four would-be assassins on the steps of St. Peter’s. Her long golden hair, her sweet childish face, her pleasant expression and her graceful ways, seem to have struck all who saw her.". 1 Nov 1499, d. Aug 1512. Tradition has it that Alfonso of Aragon was an illegitimate son of the King of Naples and that her brother Cesare Borgia may have had him murdered after his political value waned. Cesare is Lucrezia's older brother. Lucrezia and Alphonso had six children, four of whom survived into adulthood. In 1481 or 1482, a fourth child, Gioffre, was born. Giovanni was offered her dowry in return for his cooperation. [citation needed], On 26 February 1491, a matrimonial arrangement was drawn up between Lucrezia and the Lord of Val D'Ayora, in the kingdom of Valencia, Don Cherubino Joan de Centelles, which was annulled less than two months later in favour of a new contract engaging Lucrezia to Don Gaspare Aversa, count of Procida. They spent their time sleeping, murdering, and buying their way to infamy, and helped ruin the Catholic church while they were at it. Born: 18. Cesare was also father to at least 11 illegitimate children, among them Girolamo Borgia, who married Isabella Contessa di Carpi, and Lucrezia Borgia (the younger), who, after Cesare's death, was moved to Ferrara to the court of her aunt, the elder Lucrezia Borgia. On a spring day in 1480, Cardinal Rodrigo Borgia ordered various astrologers to his home in Rome to tell him the future of a newborn child. [34] Several other paintings, such as Veneto's fanciful portrait, have also been said to depict her, but none have been accepted by scholars at present. The Borgia — Lucrezia Borgia. Cesare and Lucrezia Borgia. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. He was born in Subiaco. [22][23][24], Lucrezia met the famed French soldier, the Chevalier Bayard while the latter was co-commanding the French allied garrison of Ferrara in 1510. Alexander asked Giovanni's uncle, Cardinal Ascanio Sforza, to persuade Giovanni to agree to an annulment of the marriage. Many believed he was the child of a relationship between Lucrezia and either her father Pope Alexander or her brother Cesare. Lucrezia Borgia, Italian noblewoman and a central figure of the infamous Borgia family of the Italian Renaissance. [4] When Rodrigo became Pope Alexander VI, he sought to be allied with powerful princely families and founding dynasties of Italy. Lucrezia, Cesare and Alexander play key roles in, She is featured as a major plot point in the 1994 TV movie, This page was last edited on 27 December 2020, at 00:41. Giovanni finally signed confessions of impotence and documents of annulment before witnesses. Lucrezia Borgia is rated "Good" by our guests. The first, Giovanni or Juan, was born in Rome in 1474. In March 1498, the Ferrarese ambassador claimed that Lucrezia had given birth, but this was denied by other sources. Lucrezia Borgia, sister-in-law of Isabella of Aragon, the Duchess of Milan. Pope Alexander VI was far from the only scandalous Borgia. She was a pawn, a chess piece for her father and brother’s political plans. She studied at Convent of St. Sixtus located very near to her temporary residence, where she was staying with her father’s third cousin Adriana de Mila since 1… She then married Alfonso I d'Este, Duke of Ferrara, in early 1502 in Ferrara. Lucrezia Borgia is thought to be his mother, perhaps through her lover Perotto Calderon—but much darker rumors persisted. Two papal bulls recognized the child as the illegitimate son first of Cesare, then of Alexander, who was probably the true father. Alfonso d’Este, son of Ercole I, duke of Ferrara, married Lucrezia on December 30, 1501, although he shunned the union for a time because of the Borgias’ unsavoury reputation. Lucrezia Borgia (1480-1519), daughter of Pope Alexander VI has been painted in very dark colors, and she has been accused of many crimes and excesses. Another notable child of Rodrigo’s was Lucrezia, used by her father as a diplomatic pawn. He had at least 18 children, and as a result many of them are my direct ancestors. Like many aspects of Cesare Borgia's life, the date of his birth is a subject of dispute. Oct 29, 2013 - Explore Jillian Hart's board "Lucrezia Borgia" on Pinterest. The two had several children, and Lucrezia came into her own as a Renaissance woman, overcoming her scandalous reputation - despite several affairs - and maintaining her position and power as the Borgia family's influence and fortunes fell following Alexander's death. Lucrezia Borgia was born in Rome in 1480. When Rodrigo became Pope Alexander VI, he sought to be allied with powerful princely families and founding dynasties of Italy. The careers of the Borgia children were decided and laid out before them before they could even waalk. The … We’ll even let you know about secret offers and sales when you sign up to our emails. Lucrezia had several children by Alfonso d'Este. Lucrezia Borgia. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. She is known to have retired to the convent of San Sisto in June 1497 to await the outcome of the annulment proceedings, which were finalized in December of the same year. 1498, d. 1548. Fathering children was not an odd occurrence for popes in Rome . 18-year-old Sancia allegedly began having an affair with either one or both of her husband’s brothers, probably because her 14-year-old husband wasn’t done with puberty yet. Storyline Rodrigo Borgia, Pope Alexander VI, has three adult children: Juan, who is virtuous and has a sweetheart who is a woman of the people, Lucrezia, who is virtuous and wants to marry Alfonso, and Cesare, who is wicked and lusts after Lucrezia, Juan's girlfriend, and probably others. Lucrezia Borgia Biography, Life, Interesting Facts. Accordingly, Lucrezia was in 1493 married to Giovanni Sforza, lord of Pesaro. The child was sickly and – fearing she would die unbaptised – Alfonso ordered her to be baptised straightaway with Eleonora della Mirandola and Count Alexandro Serafino as godparents. Child of Lucrezia Borgia-1. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. He already had four children by a selection of mistresses and Cesare was the first of four others he would father by Vannozza Catanei. "The Renaissance" Simon and Schuster (1953), page 429, Francesco d'Este, Marchese di Massalombarda, "NGV Solves Mystery of Renaissance Portrait", "Observer review: Lucrezia Borgia by Sarah Bradford", The Byron Chronology: 1816–1819 – Separation and Exile on the Continent, Only known painting of Lucrezia Borgia discovered in Australian gallery, Infamous Renaissance woman subject of mystery portrait, Portrait of Renaissance femme fatale Lucrezia Borgia found at NGV, Lucretia Borgia | guardian.co.uk:Philip Pank (5 February 2002), BBC – h2g2 – A Brief History of Poisoning, 28 July 2005, "Behind the Brocade: Abel Gance's Lucrezia Borgia", "THE SCREEN IN REVIEW; Paulette Goddard, Macdonald Carey Play Borgias in 'Bride of Vengeance,' at Paramount", "Francois Arnaud talks sibling love in 'The Borgias, "Cesare and Lucrezia Borgia ewwww (minor spoilers)", Lucrezia Borgia: The Family Tree in Pictures, Maria Teresa Cybo-Malaspina, Duchess of Massa, Archduchess Elisabeth Franziska of Austria, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Lucrezia_Borgia&oldid=996506007, Burials at the Corpus Domini Monastery, Ferrara, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Valencian-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2014, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with PLWABN identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Her three successive marriages into prominent families helped augment the political and territorial power of the Borgias. Below are 5 things that you (probably) never knew about Cesare Borgia. A child was born, however, in the Borgia household the year before Lucrezia's marriage to Alfonso of Aragon. Two illegitimate children of Pope Alexander VI, the first things many think when they hear the names of these siblings are that they were incestuous, murderous and evil incarnate. Infamous poisoner. In 1501, two papal bulls were issued concerning the child, Giovanni Borgia. Lucrezia Borgia was born in April of 1480 in Subiaco. After a long history of complicated pregnancies and miscarriages, on 14 June 1519 Lucrezia gave birth to her tenth child, named Isabella Maria in honour of Alfonso's sister Isabella d'Este. Jofré Borgia (1481-1517), Prince of Squillace, his first spouse was Sancia of Aragon († 1506), an illegitimate daughter of King Alfonso II. Deutsche Seite. Borgia was born into a greedy and vicious family and many believe she was equally ambitious and ruthless. This time, the Borgia family were looking to tie their family to the Estes of Ferrara – a proud and ancient House. Lucrezia's mother was his mistress of some years, Vannozza Cattanei, who was also the mother of two older children by Rodrigo, Giovanni and Cesare. After two failed marriages, one of which had ended in the murder of Alfonso Duke of Bisceglie, Lucrezia Borgia was once more on the marriage market in the year 1500. In September 1475, Cesare Borgia was born. As he was ruthlessly ambitious and had absolutely no scruples when it came to using all his children to make his political influence even stronger, he was also almost maddeningly devoted to all of … He therefore called off Lucrezia's previous engagements and arranged for h… Daughter of Pope Alexander VI and sister of Cesare, she is often accused of sharing in their many crimes and excesses but was more likely just an instrument for their ambitious projects. Cesare was Rodrigo's favourite son. Among his children, Cesare and Lucrezia were by far the most infamous. She received an extensive and thorough education according to her social stature. [15][16] Francesco's wife was the cultured intellectual Isabella d'Este, the sister of Alfonso, to whom Lucrezia had made overtures of friendship to no avail. [18] This last assertion is problematic as Francesco had contracted syphilis before 1500 as it was known that he passed the disease onto his eldest son Federico Gonzaga who was born in 1500. The job of raising Lucrezia, however, was given to Rodrigo's cousin, the widow Adriana daMila. Omissions? Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Meet extraordinary women who dared to bring gender equality and other issues to the forefront. [citation needed] Giovanni refused and accused Lucrezia of paternal incest. In 1493, Lucrezia married Giovanni Sforza – it was a marriage of politics, Pope Alexander VI believed that having the Sforza’s as his allies would help him in his political endeavours and it was a way of thanking the Sforza family for their help in electing him as pope. [39], At least one biographer (including Maria Bellonci) claims that Lucrezia gave birth to three more children, one by Alfonso of Aragon and two by Alfonso d'Este, who did not survive infancy. [29][30][31][32][33] This painting may be the only surviving formal portrait of Lucrezia Borgia; however, doubts have been cast on that attribution. https://www.thefamouspeople.com/profiles/lucrezia-borgia-6514.php Directed by Richard Oswald. At the time of Lucrezia’s birth, Rodrigo Borgia was aged forty nine, a cardinal and the father of five other children, three sons and two daughters by various mothers. He is described as a devote Catholic, but he is not the perfect Catholic cardinal, let alone the perfect choice for the position of Holy Father. Lucrezia Borgia was the third child of Cardinal Rodrigo Borgia and his favourite mistress, Vannozza dei Cattanei. The task of raising Lucrezia, however, was given to Rodrigo's cousin, the widow Adriana daMila. Lucrezia Borgia was born on 18 April 1480, in Subiaco, near the city of Rome, Italy. The anti-Borgia propaganda from those times, the fact that games such as Assassins Creed play up to these rumours and the fact that numerous television shows (Borgia for one – thankfully The Borgias hasn’t crossed that line yet) and Borgia novels (The Borgia Bride has a rather disturbing incestuous scene between Pope Alexander and his daughter). As Andrew Alexander writes, “she is primarily remembered as the daughter of a corrupt and scheming pope and the sister of an immoral and murderous brother. Vannozza married two times while having an affair with Rodrigo and once more after it all ended. The Dark Marquis - Duchess of Ferrara 1502–19 - Lucrezia Borgia: Life, Love, and Death in Renaissance Italy - by Sarah Bradford. Her brothers included Cesare Borgia, Giovanni Borgia, and Gioffre Borgia. Ippolito II d'Este1 b. He had two mistresses Vanozza Dei Cattenei and Giulia Farnese. On 24 June 1519 Lucrezia Borgia, Duchess of Ferrara and daughter of Pope Alexander VI, died, ten days after giving birth to her ninth child. ; 1480–1519), a daughter of Rodrigo and a patron of the arts, became famous for her skill at political intrigue. The Borgias were a noble family from the years of the renaissance. In 1491 the young Lucrezia was successively betrothed to two Spanish nobles. Among his children, Cesare and Lucrezia were by far the most infamous. With Jeremy Irons, François Arnaud, Holliday Grainger, Joanne Whalley. https://musicasecreta.com/product/lucrezia-borgias-daughter [11], It was widely rumored[12] that Lucrezia's brother Cesare was responsible for Alfonso's death, as he had recently allied himself (through marriage) with France against Naples. Seeking to strengthen his ties with Naples, the Pope in 1498 arranged a marriage between Lucrezia and the 17-year-old Alfonso, duke of Bisceglie, an illegitimate son of Alfonso II of Naples. Another description said, "her mouth is rather large, the teeth brilliantly white, her neck is slender and fair, and the bust is admirably proportioned."[28]. Her father Rodrigo was a cardinal in the Catholic Church when she was born. They Held Prostitute Parties in the Apostolic Palace. There has been speculation that during the prolonged process of the annulment, Lucrezia consummated a relationship with someone, perhaps Alexander's chamberlain Pedro Calderon, also named Perotto. Lucrezia Borgia was an Italian noblewoman and daughter of Pope Alexander VI. [27] These physical attributes were highly appreciated in Italy during that period. On 26 February 1491, a matrimonial arrangement was drawn up between Lucrezia and the Lord of Val D'Ayora, in the kingdom of Valencia, Don Cherubino Joan de Centelles, which was annulled less than two months later in favour of a new contract engaging Lucrezia to Don Gaspare Aversa, count of Procida. Lucrezia Borgia (q.v. ; 1480–1519), a daughter of Rodrigo and a patron of the arts, became famous for her skill at political intrigue. Lucrezia Borgia (18 April 1480 - 24 June 1519) was the daughter of Rodrigo Borgia, the powerful Renaissance Valencian who later became Pope Alexander VI, and Vannozza dei Cattanei. Her education would primarily take place in the Piazza Pizzo de Merlo, a building adjacent to her father's residence. [20][21] On the same occasion Byron claimed to have stolen a lock of Lucrezia's hair – "the prettiest and fairest imaginable"[21] – that was also held there on display. On the death of Pope Innocent VIII (1492), Cardinal Borgia was elected pope as Alexander VI, and, contemplating a yet more ambitious marriage for his daughter, he annulled the union with Procida; in February 1493 Lucrezia was betrothed to Giovanni Sforza, lord of Pesaro, with whose family Alexander was now in close alliance. [5] Giovanni was an illegitimate son of Costanzo I Sforza and a Sforza of the second rank. [19], Lucrezia also had a love affair with the poet Pietro Bembo during her third marriage. There is little doubt that she was adored by her father, who was, by all accounts, a parent many would today call “a helicopter parent,” though Alexander certainly took … After resigning as his father’s cardinal in 1498 — the only person in history to do so — Cesare Borgia participated in various military conquests across Italy. This is supported by the fact that in 1502 he became Duke of Camerino, one of Cesare's recent conquests, hence the natural inheritance of the Duke of Romagna's oldest son. According to his biographer, the Chevalier became a great admirer of Lucrezia's, considering her a "pearl on this Earth".[25]. Lucrezia Borgia was born on 18 April 1480 at Subiaco, near Rome. The Controversial Queen of Beauty: Lucrezia Borgia. It is shown that their intimacy in tow with their friendship is their tiny corner of happiness, away from the violence and corruption all around them. Lucrezia retired to Nepi, and during this period the mysterious Infans Romanus (Roman Infant) was first seen, the three-year-old boy named Giovanni, with whom Lucrezia appeared in 1501. The problem is that this will make … Rodrigo Borgia, Pope Alexander VI, has three adult children: Juan, who is virtuous and has a sweetheart who is a woman of the people, Lucrezia, who is virtuous and wants to marry Alfonso, and Cesare, who is wicked and lusts after Lucrezia, Juan's girlfriend, and probably others. One example is the Banquet of Chestnuts. [9] In any case, families hostile to the Borgias would later accuse her of being pregnant at the time her marriage was annulled for non-consummation. – a proud and ancient House Spoleto, a chess piece for her at! 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